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Homepage>BS Standards>77 METALLURGY>77.060 Corrosion of metals>21/30412498 DC BS ISO 4212. Corrosion of Metals and Alloys. Method of oxalic acid etching test for intergranular corrosion of austenitic stainless steel
immediate downloadReleased: 2021-10-11
21/30412498 DC BS ISO 4212. Corrosion of Metals and Alloys. Method of oxalic acid etching test for intergranular corrosion of austenitic stainless steel

21/30412498 DC

BS ISO 4212. Corrosion of Metals and Alloys. Method of oxalic acid etching test for intergranular corrosion of austenitic stainless steel

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Standard number:21/30412498 DC
Pages:14
Released:2021-10-11
Status:Draft for Comment
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21/30412498 DC


This standard 21/30412498 DC BS ISO 4212. Corrosion of Metals and Alloys. Method of oxalic acid etching test for intergranular corrosion of austenitic stainless steel is classified in these ICS categories:
  • 77.060 Corrosion of metals

This document describes a method to test for IGC in austenitic stainless steels using an oxalic acid etch. This method can evaluate non-sensitization of austenitic stainless steels by observing the structure of the etched surface with a microscope after performing electrolytic etching (hereinafter called “etching”) on austenitic stainless steel in an oxalic acid solution. This method can evaluate suspicions of sensitization of austenitic stainless steels, because it does not etch chromium depletion adjacent to the chromium-rich grain boundary precipitates but chromium-rich grain boundary carbides themselves. If sensitization is suspected, the ferric sulfate-sulfuric acid test ( ISO3651-2 ), 65 % nitric acid test ( ISO3651-1 ), copper sulfate-sulfuric acid test ( ISO3651-2 ), or EPR test ( ISO12732 ) should be conducted to evaluate sensitization of austenitic stainless steels.