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CEN/TR 16598:2023

Collection of rationales for EN 1176 - Requirements

CEN/TR 16598:2023
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Category:940515
Released:2023/05
Number of Standard:CEN/TR 16598:2023
Pages:52
DESCRIPTION

CEN/TR 16598:2023 Collection of rationales for EN 1176 - Requirements


This document is a collection of rationales for EN 1176 in order to support the use of EN 1176 by providing additional information and explanations. It does not contain additional requirements it only serves as a supporting document.

Content:

Contents Page
European foreword
Introduction
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Part 1
4.1 Paragraph in standard: 4.1.2 Flammability
4.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.1.3 Timber and associated products
4.3 Paragraph in standard: 4.1.4 Metals
4.4 Paragraph in standard: 4.1.5 Synthetics
4.5 Paragraph in Standard: 4.1.6 Dangerous substances
4.6 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.1 (Design and manufacture) General
4.7 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.2 Structural integrity
4.8 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.3 Accessibility for adults
4.9 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.4.1 (Protection against falling) Types of protection
4.10 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.4.2 Handrails
4.11 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.4.3 Guardrails
4.12 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.4.4 Barriers
4.13 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.4.5 Strength requirements
4.14 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.4.6 Grip requirements
4.15 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.4.7 Grasp requirements
4.16 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.5 Finish of equipment
4.17 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.6 Moving parts
4.18 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.7.1 (Protection against entrapment) General
4.19 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.7.2 Entrapment of the head and neck
4.20 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.7.3 Entrapment of clothing/hair
4.21 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.7.4 Entrapment of the whole body
4.22 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.7.5 Entrapment of the foot or leg
4.23 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.7.6 Entrapment of fingers
4.24 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.1 (Protection against injuries during movement and falling) Determination of free height of fall
4.25 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.2.1 (Determination of spaces and areas) General
4.26 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.2.2 Minimum space
4.27 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.2.3 Free space
4.28 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.2.4 Extent of the impact area
4.29 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.2.5 Extent of the falling space
4.30 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.3 Protection against injuries in the free space for users undergoing a movement that is forced by the equipment
4.31 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.4 Protection against injuries in the falling space
4.32 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.5.1 (Protection against injuries from the surface of the impact area) General
4.33 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.5.2 Equipment with a free height of fall greater than 600 mm or with forced movement
4.34 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.5.3 Equipment with a free height of fall not exceeding 600 mm and without forced movement
4.35 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.5.4 Adjacent platforms
4.36 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.8.6 Protection against injuries due to other types of movement
4.37 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.9.1 (Means of access) Ladders
4.38 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.9.2 Stairs
4.39 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.9.3 Ramps
4.40 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.9.4 Steep play elements
4.41 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.9.5 Easily accessible playground elements
4.42 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.10 Connections
4.43 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.11 Consumable components
4.44 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.12.1 (Ropes) Ropes fixed at one end
4.45 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.12.2 Ropes fixed at both ends (climbing ropes)
4.46 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.12.3 Wire ropes
4.47 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.12.4 Sheathed wire ropes
4.48 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.12.5 Fibre ropes (textile type)
4.49 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.13 Chains
4.50 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.14 Foundations
4.51 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.15 Heavy suspended rigid beams
4.52 Paragraph in standard 4.2.16 Bouncing facilities
4.53 Paragraph in Standard: 5 Test methods and reports
4.54 Paragraph in Standard: 6 Information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier
4.55 Paragraph in Standard: 7 Information to be provided by the manufacturer or supplier of the impact attenuating surfacing
5 Part 2
5.1 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2 (Safety requirements) General
5.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3 Seat clearance for single-point swing (Type 3)
5.3 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.1 (Minimum clearance and lateral stability of swing seats with more than one point of suspension) Minimum space between the seats of swings
5.4 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.2 Lateral stability of swing seats (Figure 7b)
5.5 Paragraph in Standard: 4.5 Means of suspension
5.6 Paragraph in Standard: 4.6.1 (Impact attenuation of swing seats) Swing seats and vertical tyre seats and 4.6.2 Cradle swing seats
5.7 Paragraph in Standard: 4.6.3 Swing seats and platforms for several users
5.8 Paragraph in Standard: 4.7 Dynamic load for swing equipment, 4.8.1 and 4.8.2 Structural integrity
5.9 Paragraph in Standard: 4.9 Framework
5.10 Paragraph in Standard: 4.10.1 (Height of fall and impact area) Free height of fall and 4.10.2 Dimensions of falling space and impact area
5.11 Paragraph in Standard: 4.11 Additional requirements for swing seats with several rotational axes (Type 2)
5.12 Paragraph in Standard: 4.12 Additional requirements for single-point swings (Type 3)
5.13 Paragraph in Standard: 4.13 Additional requirements for contact swings (Type 4) Objective: prevent injuries caused by collision of two users
5.14 Paragraph in Standard: 5 and 6 See Part 1
6 Part 3
6.1 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2 Access
6.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.1 (Starting section) Length and angle
6.3 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.2 Guarding section
6.4 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.3 Width
6.5 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.4 Lateral protection (sides)
6.6 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.1 (Sliding section) Length and Angle
6.7 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.2 Width
6.8 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.3 Sides and profile of the slide
6.9 Paragraph in Standard: 4.5 Run out section
6.10 Paragraph in Standard: 4.6 Surface of the slide
6.11 Paragraph in Standard: 4.7 Free space
6.12 Paragraph in Standard: 4.8 Impact area
6.13 Paragraph in Standard: 4.9.1 Clearance
6.14 Paragraph in Standard: 4.9.2 Position
6.15 Paragraph in Standard 5 and 6 See Part 1
7 Part 4
7.1 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2 Framework and fixing points of the cable
7.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3 Calculation of forces on the cable of a cableway
7.3 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4 Stops
7.4 Paragraph in Standard: 4.5 Traveller
7.5 Paragraph in Standard: 4.6 Suspension assembly
7.6 Paragraph in Standard: 4.7 Cableways arranged in parallel
7.7 Rationale:s for EN 1176-4 Cableways
7.8 Paragraph in Standard: 4.8 Grips
7.9 Paragraph in Standard: 4.9 Seats
7.10 Paragraph in Standard: 4.10 Speed
7.11 Paragraph in Standard: 4.11 Free height of fall
7.12 Paragraph in Standard: 4.12 Ground clearance
7.13 Paragraph in Standard: 4.13 Cable height
7.14 Paragraph in Standard: 4.14 Falling space and impact area
7.15 Paragraph in Standard: 5 and 6
8 Part 5
8.1 Paragraph in Standard: 4.1 Safety requirements General
8.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2 Free height of fall
8.3 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3 Free space / falling space
8.4 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4 User stations
8.5 Paragraph in Standard: 4.5 Axis
8.6 Paragraph in Standard: 4.6 Speed of rotation
8.7 Paragraph in Standard: 4.7 Grip handles
8.8 Paragraph in Standard: 4.8 Load capacity and stability
8.9 Paragraph in Standard: 5.1 (Type specific requirements) Carousel Type A (rotating chairs)
8.10 Paragraph in Standard: 5.2.1 (Carousel Type B (classical carousel)) General
8.11 Paragraph in Standard: 5.2.2 Rotating platform flush to the ground
8.12 Paragraph in Standard: 5.2.3 Rotating platform not flush with the ground
8.13 Paragraph in Standard: 5.2.4 Rotating platform between 110 mm and 400 mm with a skirt
8.14 Paragraph in Standard: 5.2.5 Rotating platform over 400 mm with a skirt
8.15 Paragraph in Standard: 5.2.6 Rotating platform over 110 mm without a skirt
8.16 Paragraph in Standard: 5.3.1 (Carousel Type C (spinning mushrooms, hanging glides)) General
8.17 Paragraph in Standard: 5.3.2 Structural integrity
8.18 Paragraph in Standard: 5.3.3 Suspended user station impact requirements
8.19 Paragraph in Standard: 5.3.4 Free space / falling space
8.20 Paragraph in Standard: 5.4.1 (Carousel type D (track-driven carousel)) Drives
8.21 Paragraph in Standard: 5.4.2 Drive wheels
8.22 Paragraph in Standard: 5.4.3 Components of the supporting structure
8.23 Paragraph in Standard: 5.4.4 Tracks
8.24 Paragraph in Standard: 5.5.1 (Carousel type D (giant revolving disks))
8.25 Paragraph in Standard: 5.5.2 Upper side
8.26 Paragraph in Standard: 5.5.3 Underside
8.27 Paragraph in Standard: 5.5.4 Ground clearance
8.28 Paragraph in Standard: 5.5.5 Free space / falling space
8.29 Paragraph in Standard: 5 and 6
9 Part 6
9.1 General concerns of the task group
9.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.1 (Safety requirements) General
9.3 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2 Free height of fall
9.4 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3 Seat / stand slope
9.5 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4 Pinch, crush
9.6 Paragraph in Standard: 4.5 Restraint of motion
9.7 Paragraph in Standard: 4.6 Foot rest
9.7.1 1st and 2nd paragraph
9.7.2 3rd paragraph
9.8 Paragraph in Standard: 4.7 Hand support
9.8.1 Whole Clause 4.7
9.8.2 3rd and 4th paragraph
9.8.3 5th paragraph and Note
9.9 Paragraph in Standard: 4.8 Side view profiles
9.10 Paragraph in Standard: 4.9 Entrapment
9.11 Paragraph in Standard: 4.10 Falling space
9.12 Paragraph in Standard: 5.1 (Additional type requirements) Axial seesaw (Type 1)
9.13 Paragraph in Standard: 5.2 Multi-point seesaw / rocking equipment (Type 3A)
9.14 Paragraph in Standard: 5.3 Rocking seesaw (Type 4)
9.15 Paragraph in Standard: 5.4 Overhead axis seesaw (Type 6)
9.16 Paragraph in Standard: 5.5 Forced movement
9.17 Paragraphs in Standard: 6 and 7
10 Part 7
10.1 General comment from the task group
10.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.1 General
10.3 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2
10.4 Paragraph in Standard: 5 Installation
10.5 Paragraph in Standard: 6.1 Inspection and Maintenance
10.6 Paragraph in Standard: 6.2
10.7 Paragraph in Standard: 6.3.1 (Specific recommendations) Reinforced materials
10.8 Paragraph in Standard: 6.3.2 One post equipment
10.9 Paragraph in Standard: 7.1 Inspection schedule
10.10 Paragraph in Standard: 7.2 Inspection schedule
10.11 Paragraph in Standard: 8.1.1 (Operation) General recommendations
10.12 Paragraph in Standard: 8.1.2 General recommendations
10.13 Paragraph in Standard: 8.2.1 (Specific recommendations) Assessment of safety measures
10.14 Paragraph in Standard: 8.2.2 Personnel
10.15 Paragraph in Standard: 8.2.3 Documentation
10.16 Paragraph in Standard: 8.2.4 General safety measures
11 Part 10
11.1 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.1 (Emergency procedures and fire safety management) Materials including flammability
11.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.2.1 (Evacuation) Accessibility for adults
11.3 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.2.2 General requirements for entrapment of the whole body
11.4 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.2.3 Evacuation routes
11.5 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.2.4 Evacuation slide
11.6 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.2.5 Distance to the exit
11.7 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2.2.6 Access and egress and 4.2.2.7 Capacity
11.8 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.1 (Design and manufacture) Structural integrity
11.9 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.2.1 (Impact protection) Free height of fall and 4.3.2.2 Impact attenuating surfacing (IAS)
11.10 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.3 External climbability
11.11 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.4.1 – 4.3.4.3 Visibility
11.12 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.5.4 (Determination of spaces and areas), Free space
11.13 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.6 Connections
11.14 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.7 Rope features
11.15 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3.8 Lighting
11.16 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4 ff. Specific equipment
11.17 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.3.1 Ball pools
11.18 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.3.2 Surfacing
11.19 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.3.3 Sides
11.20 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.3.5 Depth
11.21 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.3.6 Ball size
11.22 Paragraph in Standard: 4.4.3.7 Point of entry
12 Part 11
12.1 Paragraph in Standard: 4.1 (Safety requirements) Protection against falling in spatial networks
12.2 Paragraph in Standard: 4.2 Mesh size in 3-dimensional arranged planar nets
12.3 Paragraph in Standard: 4.3 Protection against injuries in the falling space
12.4 Objective: protect the user from harm as a result of entrapment
12.5 Paragraph in Standard: 5 and 6
Annex A (informative) Template for comments/requests regarding the rationales for specific clauses of the EN 1176 series
Annex B (informative) Tools for better understanding Stage 2 and 4
B.1 Better understanding of risk assessment for filling out / Stage 2
B.2 Better understanding of consequences of proposed change / Stage 4
Bibliography

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