Decorative Surfaces of external fittings and functional parts in the internal and externals of automobiles
Dekorative Oberflächen von Anbau- und Funktionsteilen im Außen- und Innenbereich von Automobilen
|Standard number:||VDA 16|
VDA 16 : 2016
We would like to emphasize that this VDA publication does not constitute a new surface specification for appearance-dependent surface parts.
This VDA publication is rather intended as a communication instrument to support the crucial exchange between suppliers and customers in the manifold supply relations within the various automotive-supply chains with regard to the need to clearly define the characteristic attributes for all appearance-dependent surface characteristics.
Its purpose is, in the absence of clear specifications for the tolerated degree of surface-relevant characteristics for any product category, in or on the automobile, to initiate communication between OEM and supplier. To achieve 100%-quality or zero-defect supplier performance and a corresponding evaluation in the product audit or product approval procedure, it is crucially important to specify all relevant decorative surface characteristics in a reproducible and, to the extent possible, quantifiable manner. This serves to create clarity in the basic conditions both for customers and suppliers with regard to the quality that is to be expected/implemented.
VDA 16 is also intended to alert to the existence of defect slip-through rates due to physiological causes, particularly for surface inspections that can only be performed at a human-visual level.
This 3rd VDA volume 16 : 2016 is intended to serve as an initial basis for bilateral negotiations between OEM and supplier, as well as between customer and supplier throughout the entire supply chain when agreeing a specification for the subjective characteristics of decorative surfaces. The results of such negotiations must then be recorded in individual contracts. It also serves to provide a clear and unambiguous description of decorative product surfaces (so-called “subjective surfaces”) and to specify uniform test & inspection conditions, in order to prevent process problems for customers and suppliers because of imprecise or incomplete means of measurement.
For those involved in production processes this VDA volume serves as a training aid, to ensure that processes are applied in accordance with agreed references.
VDA 16 and other VDA Standards are not available in PDF format.
Inspection of Technical Cleanliness >Particulate Contamination of Functionally Relevant Automotive Components / 2nd Revised Edition, March 2015 (former title: VDA volume 19)
Quality Assurance in the Process Landscape: sections 1-4: General, risk analyses, methods, process models